Compared with single modalities, how effective is intermittent pneumatic leg compression combined with pharmacological prophylaxis in preventing venous thromboembolism (VTE) in high-risk patients?
Most patients had either a high-risk procedure or condition. The surgical procedures were orthopaedic, urological, cardiothoracic, gynaecological or general surgical. The magnitude of the reduction in VTE may be less for patients at moderate risk.
DVT and PE are possible complications of surgery and trauma. These complications extend hospital stay and are associated with long term disability and death. Mechanical intermittent pneumatic leg compression reduces venous stasis while anticoagulants reduce blood clotting.