How effective are medications for increasing milk supply in mothers expressing breast milk for their preterm hospitalised infants?
The review included only two studies involving 59 participants. Currently, no studies support prophylactic use of a galactagogue medication at any gestation. Use of such medications has only been examined at more than 14 days post delivery and after full lactation support has been given.
Breast milk remains the optimal form of enteral nutrition for term and preterm infants until up to six months of age. Mothers of premature and sick infants are separated from their infants while they are receiving hospital-based care. These mothers often have difficulty supporting lactation, when milk production is solely maintained by breast expression.