How effective are interventions aimed at reducing anxiety during colposcopic examination?
Overall, the methodological quality of the trials and the standard of reporting were poor. Some trials suffered from small numbers, and, in most cases, moderate or high risk of bias.
Women can experience high levels of anxiety at all stages of screening for cervical cancer, including colposcopy. Colposcopy has been shown to be associated with high levels of anxiety, even higher than anxiety levels in women before surgery and similar to the anxiety levels in women following an abnormal screening test for foetal abnormalities. High levels of anxiety before and during colposcopy can have psychological consequences, including pain, discomfort and failure to return for follow-up.