How effective is magnesium sulphate as a neuroprotective agent when given to women considered at risk of preterm delivery?
There were higher rates of minor maternal side effects (flushing, sweating, nausea, vomiting, headaches and palpitations) in the groups receiving magnesium sulphate, but no significant effects on major maternal complications.
Preterm babies have a higher risk of dying in the first weeks of life than babies born at term, and those who survive often have damage in the form of cerebral palsy, blindness, deafness or physical disabilities. Magnesium is an important element, essential for normal body functions. Magnesium sulphate may help to reduce damage to a preterm baby's brain.