What are the effects of music interventions in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD)?
No evidence of effect was found for depression, heart rate variability, and peripheral skin temperature. Inconsistent results were found for mood. However, only a small number of trials investigated the effects of music on these outcomes. There are many styles of sedative music (eg, new age, classical, country and western, easy listening, etc) and, at this time, it is unclear which type of music is most effective. Most studies examined the effects of listening to pre-recorded music.
CHD is the single leading cause of death worldwide. According to the World Health Organization, 16.7 million people worldwide die of cardiovascular disease each year.¹ Individuals with CHD often suffer from severe distress putting them at greater risk for complications. Music interventions have been used to reduce anxiety and distress and improve physiological functioning in medical patients. 1. World Health Organization. World Health Report 2003: Shaping the future. 2003.