How effective are non-pharmacological interventions in assisting induction of anaesthesia in children?
Most of the outcomes of this review were based on single studies. Although most studies used some sort of scoring system, few used the same score for measuring anxiety and cooperation. Similarly, other outcome measures were rarely consistent across studies. Even though only randomised or quasi-randomised controlled trials were included in this review, poor methodology and inadequate reporting limited data extraction and presentation of analyses.
The induction of anaesthesia in children can be distressing for the child and also for their parents. Children can be given drugs to sedate them, but these drugs can have unwanted harmful effects, such as possible airway obstruction and behaviour changes after the operation. Some non-drug alternatives have been tested to see if they could be used instead of sedatives.