What is the most effective treatment for strabismic amblyopia (lazy eye caused by squint)?
The follow-up periods for the 2 trials were short – 4 and 5 weeks, respectively. The trial showing some additional benefit from carrying out near activities with occlusion and refractive correction was only a pilot, and so included a small number of participants (20). No trials were found that assessed the role of either partial occlusion or optical penalisation with refractive correction for strabismic amblyopia.
Amblyopia is reduced visual acuity in one or both eyes in the absence of any demonstrable abnormality of the visual pathway. It is not immediately resolved by the correction of refractive error. Strabismus develops in approximately 5 per cent to 8 per cent of the general population.¹ 1. Rowe F. Clinical Orthoptics. 2nd edn. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Limited, 2004.